Development of Flemish and Dutch painting from the brothers Van Eyck and
Roger Van der Weyden to Bosch and Breughel - from the late 14th Century
to mid-16th Century. The course will also include a study of German
painters of the same period: Durer, Grunewald and Holbein.
ORGANIZATION: Although class discussion is strongly encouraged,
this is primarily a lecture course based upon the visual content of
works of art presented by way of projected slides. Attendance is
strongly recommended for every class meeting. Students are responsible
for the content of all lectures and assigned reading materials.
-J. Snyder, Northern Renaissance. New Jersey: Prentice Hall,
Inc., 1990. C. -Harbison, The Mirror of Northern Renaissance Art. New
York: Harper & Row Publishers, 1995.
-Erwin Panofsky, The Life and Art of Albrecht Durer. New Jersey:
Princeton University Press, 1990.
-Barbara Lane, Altars and Altarpieces. New York: Harper & Row
In addition, a series of articles are placed in the Reserve Section of
the O'Leary Library and others are found in the periodical section of
-Erwin Panofsky, Early Netherlandish Paintings, Vol. 2. New York:
Harper & Row Publishers, 1970.
-W. Gibson, Bosch. New York: Oxford Press, 1990.
-W. Gibson, Breugel. New York: Oxford Press, 1990.
-J. Huizinga, The Waning of the Middle Ages. New York: Doubleday
& Company, 1990.
-G. Ferguson, Signs and Symbols. New York: Oxford Press, 1990.
For further bibliography, See Attachment II. These books with their
respective call numbers are placed in the Reserve Section of the O'Leary
EXAMINATIONS: There will be two quizzes - ten to fifteen minutes
each - on February 11 and April 22, plus a mid-term examination on March
2, and a final exam (date to be announced). Examinations are based on
specific material covered in class and on the required readings.
Examinations missed without prior excuse from the instructor or excuse
for medical or other emergencies obtained from the Dean of Students
cannot be made up.
PAPER: There will be one paper due May 2. All late papers will
penalized. The paper should be approximately 10-15 pages long, double
spaced and typed with illustrations. Suggested topics will be given at
the beginning of the semester, along with a general instruction sheet
for form of term papers.
NOTE ON PLAGIARISM: Be careful never to copy directly or directly
adapt from another author without crediting the source. General sources
must be listed in a bibliography; and direct quotation or paraphrase
must be footnoted. Any unacknowledged copying will receive an F for the
HANDOUTS: A series of xeroxed materials will be given out
throughout the course in order to help you with your reading and writing
EVALUATION: The final exam will count 25% of your final semester
grade. The paper will also count 25% of your final semester grade, and
the two quizzes with the examinations will count 50% of your final
MUSEUM VISITS: Students are individually responsible for visiting
the Boston Museum of Fine Arts, the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum
(both in Boston) and the Fogg Art Museum (Cambridge), Worcester Art
OPTIONAL MUSEUM VISITS: Probably during the semester the Art
History Club will sponsor some field trips to the Boston Museums. Also,
there will be scheduled one or two trips to New York City, Worcester and
Hartford, Connecticut, in order to visit some major exhibitions or
museums. You will not be penalized for not participating in these trips.
OFFICE HOURS: Monday 3:00-6:00 P.M. Also, other times by
appointment. My office is in Coburn Hall, Room 201.
TIME TABLE FOR EXAMINATIONS:
Feb. 5 - Quiz I. It consists of identifying visual material
presented in class or included in your assigned readings. You will be
required to identify the name of the artist (if known), the title of the
art work, the style, the location (if architectural sculpture or
architecture) and give an approximate date of the art work.
Feb. 26 - Exam I. The essay examination will be based on slide
identification, slide comparisons, an attribution problem and essays.
April 8 - Quiz II. Same instruction and procedure as February 5.
Notify me of your paper topic/selection. Complete Approval Form.
May 2 - PAPER DUE
May 10-17 - Final Examination period. Final exam time will be
announced. The final exam format will be the same as the first and
second examinations. It will not be cumulative, that is to say, you will
be tested on the new visual and reading material presented after the
LECTURE, ASSIGNMENT AND EXAMINATION SCHEDULE:
(N.B. Assignments subject to change without previous notice)
Jan. 16 - Introduction: scope of the course, bibliography
Snyder, 15-23; Huizinga, Waning of the Middle Ages (Chapters XVIII to
XXIII); Harbison, Mirror.
Jan. 18 - The International Style in Franco - Flemish book
Boucault Master, Limbourg Brothers, Rohan Master, Pucelle.
Harbison, Mirror; Snyder, 23-74.
Recommended: Cuttler, 6-21; 26-40; Panofsky, pp. 51- 74, (Chapter II);
Meiss, French Painting in the Time of Jean de Berry, (2 vols.)
Jan. 22-23 - Art in Dijon c. 1400
Melchoir Broederlam, Jean Malouel. Ars Nova: Robert Campin (Tournai, c.
Snyder, 88-119; Schapiro's article.
Recommended: Cuttler, 21-25; 70-82; Panofsky, 75-89; (Chapter III);
148-77 (Chapter VI).
Jan 25-31 - Robert Campin and Jan van Eyck (Bruges, c. 1390-1441)
Snyder, 88-119; Meiss' article; Lane's article & Ward's article.
Recommended: Cuttler, 83-106; Panofsky's article on "Painting in Italy
and the Lowlands"; Panofsky, 131-48 (Chapter V), 230-46.
Feb. 1-5 - The Ghent Altarpiece
(Compare and contrast theories of Panofsky and Philip)
Snyder's article; Panofsky, 205-32; Philip, The Ghent Altarpiece & the
Art of Jan van Eyck, Princeton, 1972, pp.3-52.
Feb. 5 - QUIZ I
Feb. 8 - Petrus Christus (Bruges, c. 1410-1472)
Snyder, 88-119; Sterling's article.
Recommended: Cuttler, 83-107; 128- 34; Panofsky, 178-204 (Chapter IV);
Feb. 12-15 - Roger van der Weyden, (Brussles, c. 1399-1464)
Snyder, 88-119; Ward's article on Roger; O. von Simson's article.
Recommended: Cuttler, 108-27; Panofsky, 247-302, (Chapter IX).
Feb. 20-22 - Dirc Bouts (Louvain, c. 1420-1475)
Recommended: Panofsky, 314-319; Cuttler, 136-46; Joos van Ghent (Ghent,
c. 1460-75); Hugo van der Goes (Ghent, 1435-82); Snyder, 169-182; Lane's
article on Hugo; Koch's article.
Feb. 26 - MIDTERM EXAM
Feb 27-29 - "Dutch" Painters of the later 15th Century
Albert van Ouwater (Haarlem, c. 1450) and Geertgen tot Sint Jans (Haarlem,
Recommended: Cuttler, 134-35; 161-67; Panofsky, 319-30.
Mar. 4-7 - Transition to the 16th Century: From Bruges to Antwerp
Hans Memling (Bruges c. 1440-94): Gerard David (Bruges, 1480-1523);
Quentin Metsys (Antwerp, c. 1464-1530); Joachim Patinir (Antwerp,
Recommended: Cuttler, 168-80; 190-97; 416-26; Panofsky, 345-56.
Mar. 11-15 - Spring Break
Mar. 18-19 - Hieronymus Bosch's (Hertogenbosch, 1450-1516)
Snyder, 195-218; Glum's article.
Recommended: Cuttler, 198-211; Snyder, Bosch in Perspective, New Jersey,
1972; Philip's article; Slatke's article; Gibson, Bosch.
March 21 - Library Day
Mar. 25-28 Bosch; 16th Century Romanists
Jan Gossaert (Antwerp, 1503-33) & Jan van Schorel (Utrecht, 1495-1562).
Recommended: Cuttler, 427-33, 448-52.
Apr. 1-4 - Pieter Breugel, the elder (Antwerp, c. 1525-1569)
Recommended: Cuttler, 469-85; Zupnick's Article; Kunzle's Article;
Apr. 8 - Early 15th Century German Painting
Konrad van Soest (Westphalia, 1403-24); Meister Francke (Hamburg,
1415-30); Stephan Lochner (Cologne, 1442-51).
Recommended: Cuttler, 51-64; 261-67.
April 8 - QUIZ II
Notify me of your paper topic.
Apr. 9 - 15th Century German Painting II
Luca Moser (1451); Konrad Witz (Basel, 1400-26); Michael Pacher (Tyrol,
Recommended: Cuttler, 267-73; 284-87; Smith's article on Witz.
Apr. 11-18 - Albrecht Dürer (Nurember 1471-1528)
STRONGLY recommended: Panofsky, The Life and Art of Albrecht Dürer,
Recommended: Cuttler, 317-57; Parshall's article; Harbison's article.
Apr. 22-25 - Mathis Grunewald
(Mathis, Godhardt-Niethardt, Mainz, Halle, 1470-80/1528).
Recommended: Cuttler, 358-71; Hayum's article.
Apr. 29-30 - Hans Holbein, the younger
(Basel, c. 1497-1543 London).
Cuttler, 407-15; Samuel's article.
Recommended: Shickman's article.
May 2 - PAPER DUE
May 2-6 - German Court Painters
Holbein in England and Lucas Cranach, the elder (Wittenberg, 1472-1553).
Recommended: Cuttler, 372-87.
May 7 - Albrecht Altdorfer
(Regensberg, c. 1480-1538).
Snyder, 357-370; Cuttler, 381-87.
May 10-17 - FINAL EXAMINATION PERIOD