C. Mandell - Fall, 2006

General Psychology 47.101


Study Guide Unit 6: Personality and Development

Chapter 11 - pp 481 - 496

Chapter 12 - pp - 541 - 562


Chapter 11: Personality

  1. How is personality defined.
  2. Explain psychological determinism
  3. Distinguish between Freud's personality structures: the ego, the id and the superego.
  4. What are the 5 psychosexual stages in Freud's theory?
  5. What do we mean by fixation?
  6. What are the characteristics of fixation at the different stages?
  7. What are defense mechanisms: Describe the common defense mechanisms.
  8. What were the main contributions of the neo-Freudians: Jung, Adler and Horney?
  9. Define collective unconscious; archetype; superiority and inferiority complex, privilege envy.









  1. What is meant be humanistic psychology?
  2. What is meant by self-actualization? What is the need hierarchy? With whom is this concept associated?







  1. What is meant by unconditional positive regard? With whom is this concept associated?









  1. What is the distinction between trait theory and personality theory?
  2. What do we mean by factors or superfactors?
  3. What is the five-factor model? Eysenck's three factor model?
  4. What are the major methods of measuring personality?
  5. What are inventories (MMPI)? Projective tests?
  6. What is the Rorschach test? What is the TAT?


Chapter 12

  1. How does a child's physical and motor development improve with age?
  2. How do perceptual abilities improve with age?
  3. What do we learn about perception from the visual cliff experiments?
  4. How does memory develop through childhood?
  5. Explain Piaget's theory of cognitive development.
  6. Define the following terms: schema; accommodation; assimilation?
  7. What are the characteristics of Piaget's four stages, sensorimotor, preoperational concrete operations and formal operations?









  1. Define conservation; egocentrism; formal operations
  2. What do researchers believe the Piaget underestimated infants?
  3. What is a "theory of mind"
  4. What is Vygotsky's sociocultural theory? What is private speech?
  5. What is attachment? What are the different types of attachment?
  6. Describe the development of self concept and identity.
  7. How do gender roles develop? What is gender identity?
  8. What is moral development?
  9. How does Kohlberg test moral development?
  10. What are the stages of moral development that Kohlberg talks about?