Timeline: The Modern Environmental Movement, The American Experience (PBS/WGBH).

Jack Lewis, "Looking Backward: A Historical Perspective on Environmental Regulations" (EPA Journal, March 1988).

Rachel Carson, Silent Spring, edited by Linda Lear (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2002), excerpts.

Frederick Buell, “The Decade of Crisis,” preface to From Apocalypse to Way of Life: Environmental Crisis in the American Century (New York: Routledge, 2003).

Unit 2: Slavery, Industrial Capitalism, and the Emergence of Environmental Thought

Aaron Sachs, "Energy in American History," Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History.

Henry David Thoreau, "Slavery in Massachusetts," a speech delivered in Framingham, 1854, Mapping Thoreau Country.

Christopher Hayes, "The New Abolitionism," The Nation, May 12, 2014.

Wen Stephenson, "Civil Disobedience and Our Radical Moment," Thoreau Society Blog, November 1, 2013.

Unit 3: Nature as Refuge: Rise of the Conservation Movement in the U.S

Dorceta Taylor, "Race, Class, Gender, and American Environmentalism," U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service (2002).

Anne E. Chapman, "Nineteenth Century Trends in American Conservation," National Park Service.

Susan E. Gallagher, "Nature as Destination: Thoreau's Contributions to Tourism on Cape Cod," Mapping Thoreau Country: Tracking Henry David Thoreau's Travels in Massachusetts. [Navigate to Provincetown and Wellfleet].

Unit 4: From Preservation to Protection: The Evolution of Environmental Policy in the 20th Century

NEPA, the National Environmental Policy Act (1969), HistoryLink.org.

"The Guardian: Origins of the EPA," Environmental Protection Agency.

"A Brief History of Pollution," National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

"A Brief History of the Clean Water Act," NOW, PBS.

"Air Pollution and the Clean Air Act," EPA.

Sue Jennings, "Celebrating Forty Years of the Wild and Scenic Rivers Act," George Wright Forum (2008).

Joel A. Mintz, "EPA Enforcement of Comprehensive Environmental Response Liability Act (CERCLA): Historical Overview and Recent Trends," Southwestern Law Review (July 11, 2012).

Unit 5: Deindustrialization & Deregulation: Environmental Policy in and Beyond the Reagan Era

James Ridgeway, "Pollution Is Our Most Important Product," The Nation, November 7, 1981.

Alice Mah, "Lessons from Love Canal: Toxic Expertise and Environmental Justice," Open Democracy, August 7, 2013.

Robert Bullard, "Race, Class, and the Politics of Place," Chapter Two, Dumping in Dixie: Race, Class, and Environmental Quality (Boulder: Westview Press (1990).

Robert Bullard, "Confronting Environmental Racism in the Twenty-First Century,"  Global Dialogue (Winter 2002).


Unit 6: Environmental Politics & Policy in the Age of Climate Change

Susan E. Gallagher, "Policy Challenges," and "Political Economy," teaching and learning resources created for UMass Lowell's Climate Change Initiative.

Naomi Klein, "Capitalism vs. the Climate," The Nation, November 28, 2011.

World Meteorological Association, Greenhouse Gas Bulletin, October 2016.

Overview of the UN Framework on Climate Change

Nicola Jones, "How the World Passed a Carbon Threshold and Why It Matters," Yale Environment 360, January 26, 2017